Bamboo plants are perennials which grow from rhizomes — underground growths that produce buds and culms. Propagating bamboo entails separating rhizomes from parent plants until they begin to sprout new growth in the spring. Two common types of bamboo may be propagated: running and clumping. Running and clumping bamboo have to get propagated differently because they grow differently. Rhizomes of running bamboo distribute, while sipping bamboo remains together in thick, tight clumps.
Propagate running bamboo in early spring to a cool, wind-free afternoon, before new culms sprout. Dig around the edge of the bamboo using a trowel to find out whether there are new buds and rhizomes.
Select parts of rhizomes that have at least 2 to four culms with 2 nodes. Cut the rhizomes from the parent plant using long-handed loppers or a saw.
Cover the base of the parent plant with dirt immediately. Cut back the culms to at least one-third of the stature. Plant the rhizome in precisely the same thickness as the parent plant at rich, organic soil in a container or in the ground.
Water that the parent plant and rhizome thoroughly. Mulch the plants with 2 inches of bark or organic material, then stake the culms.
Propagate clumping bamboo in spring to a cool, wind-free afternoon, before new culms sprout. Dig around the edge of the bamboo using a trowel to reveal the bottom of the clump.
Boost the smallest clumps out attentively, looking on the outside of the clumps for bulges of growths that have at least three or four culms and rhizomes using buds. Pick a piece of the clump that has powerful shoots, roots and buds.
Cut away the piece from the parent plant with a sharp spade or pruning saw. Pull up the whole culm using the rhizomes, then divide the slice, so that every piece have roots and about four buds.
Cover the base of the parent plant with dirt immediately. Prune culms to about one among the initial size. Plant the rhizomes in precisely the same thickness as the parent plants in a container or in rich, organic soil from the ground.
Water that the parent plant and rhizomes thoroughly. Mulch the plants with 2 inches of bark or organic substance, then stake the culms.