Author Archives: Selse1946

The way to Secure a Washing Machine Drainage Tray

A washing machine without a drainage tray installed beneath the unit is a problem waiting to happen. If the washing machine or the seams connecting the washer to the pipes spring a leak, then the consequent water damage could prove quite costly. A washing machine drainage tray can easily be installed and plumbed to drain any overflow to a nearby floor drain, splitting any water spillage away from where it can cause damage. It is possible to fasten a washing machine drainage tray to keep it in position and stop leaks from the tray.

Disconnect the washing machine from the power outlet and slip it away from the wall. Turn off the hot and cold water valves and remove the feed seams in the valves using a pair of slip-joint pliers. Pull the drain hose out of the drain line from the wall, and move the washing machine out of the way.

Sweep the region beneath the where the washing machine has been installed and scrape away any things that have stuck to the floor with a 3-inch putty knife.

Drill a 1/8-inch pilot hole 3 inches toward the center of the pan from each of the four corners. Then position the drainage tray to the region where the washing machine will reside. Mark the hole locations on the floor beneath the tray using a pencil. If the floor beneath the tray is tile, remove the tray and drill a pilot hole to the floor for every screw using a 1/4-inch tile drill bit, then tap on a plastic anchor into each hole. If the floor beneath the tile is masonry, use a masonry bit to drill the same four holes before inserting the anchors. For wood floors, no anchor is essential.

Insert a tube of silicone caulk into a caulk gun. Cut the end of the nozzle using a utility knife, and run a thick continuous bead of caulk around the perimeter of the washing machine drainage tray.

Place the tray into position, and push a 2-inch sheet metal roof screw with a rubber washer through each of the four corner holes to the wood or anchor below. Drive each screw before the washer begins to make contact with the tray, but not so far that the washer bulges out from beneath the metal backer.

Boost the washing machine on the tray with the aid of an associate. Then reconnect the water lines, drain line and electrical plug to the outlet.

Connect a threaded PVC coupler to the drain hole in the side of the tray. In case a hole is not currently punched from the tray to adapt the coupler, either tap the perforated knockout for the hole using a screwdriver or drill a 3/4-inch hole using a hole saw and a power drill. Then attach parts of 3/4-inch PVC as required to direct any water from the tray to the nearest floor drain.

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The way to Mow Tall Thick Grass

An overgrown yard looks unattractive and can’t grow well. The very long, thick grass blades prevent sunlight, moisture and nutrients from getting to the base of the grass blades and into the soil where they benefit the lawn best. Even though the best height for yard grass depends on the amount, most types grow well when kept at a 3-inch height. An overgrown yard requires several mowings to bring it back to a healthy height, otherwise the grass might suffer from over trimming at once.

Measure the height of the grass and decide just how much to cut to eliminate one-third of its existing height. For example, 6-inch-tall grass should have no more than 2 inches removed through the initial mowing, since removing over one-third of the blade length at one time might damage the lawn.

Adjust the height of your lawnmower so it only removes the top one-third of the blade.

Mow the lawn once the grass blades are dry. Mow in one direction, in horizontal, vertical or diagonal lines throughout the lawn.

Cut the grass a second time three days later, after the cut edges of the grass have had time to heal. Adjust the lawnmower into the proper cutting height for the current height of the grass blades so no more than one-third of the blade is removed as well as the height of the grass is no lower than 3 inches after mowing. Mow in the contrary direction of the previous cutting; should you mowed horizontally formerly, mow vertically this moment.

Mow every few days, lowering the mower blade as necessary, until the grass is at the suitable 3-inch height. Once the grass is at the proper height, mow the lawn once the grass grows into your 4- into 5-inch height, or approximately once weekly, so it will not become overgrown again.

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Signs of a Skunk in Your Yard

Skunks are nocturnal insects that sometimes cause problems in the urban scene, the most frequent criminals being the striped skunk (Mephitis mephitis) and the spotted skunk (Spilogale gracilis). Everybody knows about the poisonous scent these mammals produce, but few know that skunks are carriers of rabies, canine distemper, canine hepatitis and a score of different diseases. Understanding the symptoms of a skunk in your yard is the first step to removing this potentially dangerous animal.

Faint Odor

Skunks are famed for being smelled long before they are seen. Even if they are not spraying, everywhere that a skunk frequents may be tainted with their odor, especially den places. If you’re regularly smelling a dim skunk scent while working in your garden or yard, you may have skunks as fresh neighbors. Should you smell skunk in late winter, it may be because males in the region are fighting for the available females.

Holes in the Lawn

If you discover around, 3- to 4-inch-wide holes in the lawn, this can be a telltale sign of skunk feeding. Unlike other digging creatures like dogs or raccoons, skunk holes are normally shallow and perfectly circular. They dig just deep enough to locate grubs and other soil-dwelling insects. Skunks may occasionally dig cone-shaped holes beneath construction bases that enable them access under the structure. Search for footprints like a cat’s, but with five feet, in the loose soil of those excavations.

Rolled-Back Sod

In lawns where grubs have broken the sod considerably, skunks may simply roll up the sod back like a rug. They prevent digging if possible, therefore loose sod is a particularly attractive choice for skunks. While it seems that peeling back sod is far better than digging in the yard, if the sod has been upturned for very long, the grass may be badly diminished and need replacement.

Barking Dogs

If neighborhood dogs suddenly begin barking at night, then it may be because skunks are afoot. Skunks are nocturnal, meaning that they hunt at night — dogs within fenced yards will happily make a huge ruckus when skunks pass nearby in their nightly rounds. Even if these skunks are not headed to your yard straight away, it’s possible that they will eventually pay you a visit.

No Signs

When you don’t have any pets to accidentally cross their paths, it’s possible that skunks may occupy the empty spots under your outbuildings or deck without being discovered. If you watch closely in early summer, then you may see female skunks taking their kits along as they search for food at dusk or after dark.

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Chemicals for Fruit Trees

If cared for correctly, fruit trees will offer delicious crops which it is possible to enjoy directly from the branch. Certain substances can help maintain your own fruit trees healthy by controlling pests, treating ailments and supplying nutrients. All you have to do is select the suitable substance for the task.


Fungicides help control diseases brought on by fungal pathogens which attack and damage trees. Neem oil controls powdery mildew spores, scab and rust. Liquid cooper fungicides — including Bordeaux mixture, that can be a combination of copper sulfate and lime — control the two fungal and bacterial diseases like leaf spots, brown rot, leaf curl, anthracnose and fire blight. Sulfur prevents the spores of fungal pathogens from germinating and may be used as a preventive spray against rust, powdery mildew and other fungal diseases. Benomyl controls a broad collection of fungal diseases, including brown rot, leaf spot and powdery mildew. Captan controls fungal pathogens like brown rot, scab and cherry leaf spot, but might worsen powdery mildew infestations. Fungicides containing mancozeb control rust, scab and fruit spot.


Horticultural oil is commonly used as a dormant spray to control overwintering insects such as mites, scales and aphids, and their own eggs. Insecticidal soap controls spider mites, aphids and scales. Both horticultural oil and insecticidal soap have a very low toxicity level to beneficial insects, like bees, and insecticidal soap may be used on fruit trees up to this day of harvest. Carbaryl and permethrin control maggots, fruitworms, leafhopper, mealybugs, leafroller, scale, aphids and pear slug. Both insecticides are toxic to beneficial insects and cannot be used on fruit trees within 7 days of harvest; mites may increase with repeated permethrin therapies. Bacillus thuringiensis targets only the larvae of certain butterflies and moths, like fruitworms, leafrollers and caterpillars, isn’t toxic to beneficial insects or bees, and is safe to use until the day of harvest. Pyrethrins is just a plant-based insecticide controlling earwigs, whitflies, beetles, aphids and leafhoppers. It can be utilized up to this day prior to harvest but repeated use increases the number of mites on the tree.


Carried by insects and spread by rain, bacteria will enter fruit trees through wounds, flowers and openings. Copper sprays, including bordeaux combination, control bacterial diseases like fire blight and bacterial leaf spots. Young leaf of apple, pear and plum trees are sensitive to copper sprays; if using copper bactericides on those copper-sensitive fruit trees in the spring after the dormancy period is finished, use a diluted mixture to avoid unintended leaf damage. Streptomycin sulfate heals fire blight on apple and pear trees, but cannot be used on apple trees within 50 days of harvest or on pear trees within 30 days of harvest.


Fertilizers supply the nutrients which fruit trees need for vigorous growth, flowering and fruit production. Balanced fertilizers containing nitrogen, phosphorous and potassium, and will help keep trees healthy. But Penn State College of Agricultural Sciences recommends performing a foliar analysis to ascertain exactly what nutrients that the fruit tree is missing to reduce the chance of nutrient toxicity and above fertilization. Every species of fruit tree has their own particular amount of nitrogen, phosphorous and potassium they should receive. As an instance, plums, cherries and apples need about 3 to 8 ounces of 10-5-10 fertilizer for each and every year of this tree age, not to exceed 8 lbs of fertilizer for a ripe fruit tree. Follow the recommended ratio and directions located on the fertilizer label to avoid accidental harm to the fruit.

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When Do You Tell a Mortgage Business That a Person Is Deceased?

When people die they might leave behind unfinished jobs and other problems that have to be wrapped up. By way of example, deceased homeowners often leave mortgages behind that must be addressed by surviving loved ones or property executors. The question of when to tell mortgage debtors of the death of one of the debtors is an important consideration. Typically, a lender should be notified of a borrower’s death once the final disposition of the borrower’s house is determined.

Banking Telling

Mortgage lenders seldom consider who is paying on their borrowers’ mortgages, only that they’re being paid. In addition, a deceased person’s estate executor typically begins the process of settling that person’s debts. Estate executors first notify lenders of the death of the debtor and begin settling the debtor’s debts. The time to notify a mortgage lender of the death of a borrower, however, doesn’t come until it is known whether the home is transferring to inheritors or is auctioned.

Notification Priorities

Generally, when people perish informing Social Security, banks, employers and life insurance agents should take priority. Matters that can be deferred when someone dies includes notifying any mortgage lenders in addition to homeowner’s insurance and medical insurance suppliers. State laws also allow the estates of deceased people to continue making payments to the debts of these people. Until the lending company is formally notified, a deceased person’s mortgage must also be kept current.

Due-on-Sale Clauses

Most mortgages include due-on-sale clauses making them due when debtors perish. Mortgage due-on-sale clauses efficiently prevent mortgage premises in most cases. Waiting until the final disposition of a deceased person’s mortgaged house is determined before notifying that person’s lender is so wise. For one, inherited residences’ mortgages may be assumable by family members and even kept in deceased borrowers’ names. Notifying notifying mortgage lenders of the borrowers’ deaths also early could prompt foreclosure and also preempt inheriting relatives’ mortgage assumption rights.

Wills and Notifications

If a deceased man dies leaving a will, the process of settling an estate is easier to manage oftentimes. A person’s will lays out just what beneficiaries inherit, for starters. Individuals dying without wills sometimes leave several problems to loved ones and friends to form out. In cases in which a individual dies with a will only whom to inform the person’s death and when can become unclear, with courts often left to settle such problems.

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Painting Wrought Iron Storm Doors

The wonderful thing about wrought iron is that it’s heavy — when used as the stuff for a storm door, it provides a sense of safety against intruders and … storms. Painting the door a dark color can strengthen that solidity, while painting it light can give it an inviting sense that functions better at a friendly area. Either way, you’ll find spraying wrought iron simpler and neater than brushing it, but both will get the job done.

Selecting a Color

Since you can see the most important door behind the wrought iron storm door, then it’s important to contemplate how the colours of the 2 doors blend. Black, white and gray are neutral — if dull — choices that work with most other colours, but no one said wrought iron needs to be boring. You may try thinking about that the storm door as part of the general door display, and choose a color that complements, contrasts or harmonizes with the door color. Dramatic combinations are apt to attract lively visitors; should you would rather keep your house peaceful, then utilize harmonious colors that convey a soothing message.

Take the Door Down

Wrought iron doors are heavy, and you may need help to take yours down, but that’s actually the perfect way to paint it. You’ll be able to wash all the steel more extensively and apply primer and paint in difficult-to-reach areas. Remove the screen, if there’s one attached, by unscrewing it in the frame — it’s usually better to leave the screen unpainted. Lay the door out on a set of sawhorses. If it’s a brass doorknob and hinges or other components you don’t need to paint, cover them with painter’s tape.

Preparing the Metal for Painting

In any wrought iron structure, rust can develop in the areas where water moves, which is normally close to the junction of a vertical tine and a railing. Remove as much of the rust as you can by sanding or scrubbing with steel wool or a wire brush, then treat it with a rust-inhibiting item. Use a paint scraper or the wire brush to remove any peeling or flaking paint, scuff all old paint using 150-grit sandpaper to etch it. Before you perform any of this, you’ll probably need to wash the whole door using a hose to remove dirt. If the door is either oily or oily, wash it as opposed to a solution of trisodium phosphate and water.

Applying Primer and Paint

All rusty areas and areas with bare metal has to be secured with a coat of metal primerthat is readily available in aerosol cans. Utilize exterior metal paint for the topcoat; you’ll get the best results from an aerosol can, however if you can’t locate the color you need at a can, use a brushable item. After brushing, always stroke back toward the paint you have already implemented, then stroke over each section gently after all the paint was implemented to erase brush marks. Apply two coats to each side. Allow the paint dry for 24 hours, hang the door and perform final touch-ups.

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What Color Curtains Go having a Deep Burgandy Sofa and Recliner?

A surprising array of colors can be used in drapes to pair with a burgundy sofa and recliner. Whether you choose fresh cream, intimate rose or a complementary green or blue shade, the curtain and furniture colors will form a powerful colour dynamic. Along with wall colour, add accessories and trim to round out the room’s colour scheme. For best results, collect swatches and samples to evaluate in the room’s setting prior to making final colour selections.

Cream and Neutrals

Think cream and strawberries for a fresh color scheme which suits any decor design. Cream or off-white drapes and walls provide an airy background for the burgundy furniture, however when this looks too stark for you, deepen the curtain colors to shades of beige, tan or taupe. Accent colors which would enhance this plot include rose, olive green, sea foam, or colonial blue. Trim colors in dark neutrals such as walnut brown, ebony or charcoal grey will help balance the general appearance of the room.

Romantic Rose

Set your burgundy furniture using drapes in a medium rose tone, walls in a lighter pink along with a rug or rug slightly deeper than the curtain shade. Paint the trim in a really deep burgundy or charcoal grey to ground the setting. To enliven this monochromatic color scheme, choose a mixture of intriguing textures, such as linen-weave drapes, textured plaster walls and a sculptured pile rug. Accessories in off-white include a bright counterpoint. For a complex edgy look, mix in metallic accents in pewter, hammered silver or stainless steel.

Complementary Green

Muted greens such as olive, sage and moss green complement the reddish tones from burgundy furniture. For a restful, nature-inspired motif, choose curtains in a medium shade of green with off-white or beige walls, natural or dark wood furnishings and fabric accessories which tie the burgundy, tan and green colors together. Then light up the colour scheme with warm or copper gold accents.

Colonial Blue

Colonial blue drapes with burgundy furniture, off-white walls with deep burgundy and navy blue accents and dark wood trim indicate an Americana decor motif. Tie it together with cushion covers, throw blankets and table runners in burgundy, blue and off-white stripes, stars or plaids. Finish with themed accessories, including weathered woods or metals. The exact same colour scheme can also indicate French country decor by shifting to toile or floral print fabrics, together with suitable accessories.

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Types of Floor Lampshades

When thinking about shade types for a floor lamp, then think functionality as well as style. The colour and shape of a lampshade affect the quantity of light the lamp emits. Furthermore, the shade should match the lamp base as well as the kind of the space.

Functional Factors

Floor lamps, which serve many functions, can be utilized for general or ambient lighting, task lighting and accent lighting. If you’re using a floor lamp for ambient light, select a bright, transparent shade in an off-white or cream shade to permit for maximum light output with soft diffusion. Torchiere hues, which direct the lighting up toward the ceiling, are also a fantastic selection for general lighting. A floor lamp used for reading should have a wide shade or a shade that messed on the bottom. In rooms with lots of further layered lighting, dark-colored shades are an alternative for floor lamps intended to offer a softer ambiance or accent lighting.

Hardback vs. Silk Colors

Fabric shades come in 2 types, hardback and silk. A hardback shade contains paper or fabric laminated on a plastic lining. Woven fabrics, including wool, silk, satin and muslin, or parchment paper is attached to a top and bottom ring and glued on one or more sides, with a formed seam. Over time, the inner plastic lining can yellow and also distort the quality of lighting beaming through. A silk shade is used for fabric shades constructed on a wire frame. The inner lining is made from fabric as well as the outer layer, which may consist of silk, satin, linen or other types of fabric. Silk sunglasses are washable and usually long-lasting, although the interior lining may deteriorate over time, demanding a replacement lining.

Shapes and Styles

Both hardback and silk shades come in many different styles, like drum, empire, coolie, square, rectangle and hexagon. However, the framework structure of silk shades enables more variation on styles and shapes, including curves, bells, V-notches and scallops. Drum hues have vertical or near vertical sides, since the cover of the shade is usually 1 or 2 inches smaller in diameter than the bottom. Drum shades work well in contemporary, modern, retro and vintage settings. Both empire and coolie shades have sloping sides and also look very similar. Empire-shade bottoms are approximately twice as big as the very best; whereas, coolie-shade seams are just three to four times larger than the very best. These shades complement traditional lights and lights. Square and rectangular shades complement bases of the exact same shape and provide a modern look.

Torchiere Shades

Typically made from glass, torchiere floor lampshades became popular during the Art Deco era. Vintage torchiere floor lamps manufactured during the 1940s and 1950s have hues with extended necks, measuring 2 3/4 inches in diameter and also use big mogul lights. The neck slides down into a bottom fitter. Other types of vintage floor lights include counterparts with screws and use IES glass shades, which also act as diffusers that support fabric shades. Newer torchiere shades have a neck-less or flat 1 5/8- to 1 7/8-inch opening. These hues are installed by placing the lighting socket through the opening of this shade. Some lights have a ring that screws around the outside of the socket to hold the glass in place.

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What's Lending a Truth & on a Home Mortgage?

The federal Truth in Lending Act (TILA) requires a mortgage lender to provide you with clear, purposeful written advice about the costs of a mortgage when you apply for a loan. The lender must provide you a copy of this advice to keep and do it before charging you some program charges except for a credit rating.


Congress passed TILA in 1968. The goal of the action was to promote economic stabilization and better competition in the lending industry by making it much easier for consumers to compare credit offers. Several laws passed because TILA, such as the Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act (RESPA), have put added disclosure requirements on lenders.


Within three days of the time you apply for a mortgage, your lender should provide you with a good-faith estimate of the cost of the loan, the Federal Reserve states. Including a finance charge — the interest rate and lender’s fees represented as one figure — and the yearly percentage rate, which represents interest and lender’s fees as a fixed rate of interest over the life span of their loan. The TILA statement also includes details such as the amount of prepayment penalties and obligations, late-payment penalties.


If you place in software with several mortgage lenders, then the TILA advice will allow you to compare the prices. However, the Credit Information Center states, many borrowers searching for the prices mistake the APR on the TILA statement for its true rate of interest. You also need to be aware that the data in the TILA is an estimate: Until you sign up an agreement with a lender to lock in the quoted rate, it could rise until you close to the home.


You can not use an APR to compare fixed-rate and adjustable-rate mortgages since the APR uses only the very first low rate of the ARM, without factoring in the rate could rise later. Another problem, the Mortgage Professor site states, is that the APR is based on prices over the life span of the loan: If you are going to be living there only a couple of years, which may not be a relevant standard.


If a lender violates the TILA principles for disclosure, he could avoid penalties by proving it was an honest mistake or repairing the error within 60 days, the Fair Debt Collection site states. If neither occurs, you can sue the lender for compensation, and she may also face administrative penalties out of one of the nine different federal agencies that manage any component of TILA.

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How Long Do You Pay PMI in an FHA Loan?

The Federal Housing Administration (FHA) is part of the U.S. Department of Housing & Urban Development (HUD) and will be the most significant government insurer of mortgages. By securing mortgages on single-family, one- to buildings, manufactured homes and hospitals, financial lenders bear less danger when a borrower defaults on a loan. Neither FHA nor HUD loans cash to borrowersthey guarantee the loans made by creditors. The loans are awarded to borrowers via banks or savings and loan institutions.

About PMI

PMI stands for Private Mortgage Insurance. When a house was bought with less than a 20 percent down 19, PMI is required on mortgage loans. This insurance protects the lender. The borrower pays a percentage monthly of the total financed loan sum. FHA loans required a 3.5 percent down payment, requiring PMI to be compensated on the 96.5 percent loan-to-value quantity. Presently the monthly PMI is 0.55 percentage of the amount of the loan, however at October 5, 2010, the speed will be 0.77 percent.

Other Fees Associated With PMI

In addition to the insurance charge, there is an upfront mortgage insurance fee for FHA loans. The upfront mortgage insurance rate decreases from 2.25 to 1 percentage as of October 5, 2010. This charge is on the loan amount not on the selling costs of the house.

Automatic Cancellation

The Homeowner’s Protection Act of 1998 provides automatic cancellation of PMI once a homeowner has reached 22 percent equity in his house based on the initial purchase price. The cancellation additionally requires that the homeowner continues to be current on obligations an whole year. How much time it takes to reach 22 percent equity is contingent a homeowner qualified for and also the length of the loan. By way of example, a homeowner with a 6 percent interest rate who put down 5 percent will require to reach 10 1/2 years on a 30-year mortgage, or 22 percent equity on a mortgage.

Requesting Cancellation

Once their equity has reached 20 percent homeowners can request the cancellation of PMI. Other prerequisites may be set by lenders . Regardless of reaching the 20% equity minimal, to getting PMI canceled mortgage payments will lower a homeowner’s chances.


HUD does not regulate the authorities of PMI cancellation. Work with your mortgage lender about canceling your PMI payments. If you are experiencing difficulty getting the charges removed from your mortgage obligations, contact one of these institutions depending upon your creditor’s affiliation: Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC), Office of Thrift Supervision (OTS), National Credit Union Administration (NCUA), Farm Credit Administration (FCA), Comptroller of the Currency (OCC) or the Federal Reserve Board.

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